Who has the right to criticize should have the heart to help (A.
"Many people need to learn how to
defend their personal rights, how to express thoughts, emotions and beliefs
in direct, honest and proper without violating the rights of any other
R. Lazarus (1983)
What are the rights that we have for the simple
fact of being human? What are our basic personal rights? In our daily life,
relationships with family, friends, work, business ... What exercise rights and
respect? These individual rights have to do with our dignity as people, our
quality of life.
"I have learned that a man has a right
to look down on another, when he is helping to lift."
Gabriel García Márquez
Without attempting an exhaustive analysis of the
subject, I mention only some rights, which in my opinion are basic.
The right to be wrong. The Chilean biologist Humberto Maturana speaks of the
right to be wrong as one of the fundamental human rights. "To err is human,"
says an old phrase. However, how many times we act with the aim of perfection?
How many times we blame and condemn (to another person or ourselves) for a
mistake? As if the human being should (or could) be infallible.
"You will learn that when you feel
anger, you are entitled to have it, but that does not give you the right to
The right to be treated with respect and kindness.
Contained in the dictionary as a synonym for inhumane cruelty. I ask: A deal
aggressive, violent, hateful, is not it cruel? I think insults in city traffic,
how to deal with some heads of their employees, who sometimes serve the public
with complete indifference, some teachers with their students, ... Well, any of
us, that in exercising a power role, or simply for being angry or having a bad
day, bad-try with whom we have close.
"Do not let anyone take away the right
to express yourself, which is a must."
The right to presumption of innocence "All persons
are presumed innocent until proven guilty" Do we do this, or usually do the
opposite? How many times we blame someone for a mere suspicion, rumor or some
isolated incident? How many times we condemn without even asking, without giving
the possibility to defend himself or another to express their point of view? How
many times do we punish someone just to be or act differently to what we assume
it should do? Our own fear, intolerance, distrust often lead us to be unfair to
"Do not consent you give away a right
that you are able to conquer."
Of course there are others, such as the right to
have our own opinions of things, to make our own decisions, the right to privacy
and to decide what to reveal and what not, the right to decide what is important
to us, the right to mourn (a right that men generally refuse to ourselves), the
right to complain to a broken promise ...
The fundamental issue is that, for every right we claim, we generated a
response-ability: make a commitment to develop the ability to respond
effectively when that right is violated. Reply with another aggression
aggression does not lead to a respectful and friendly. We can learn to create
and restore a relationship with respect and kindness. That is, learning to
create and restore fundamental rights with us, as individuals. I'm not saying
it's easy. If it is possible.
The Five Rights
The right to see and hear what is here, rather than it should be, was or will
The right to say what one feels and thinks, instead of what you should say.
The right to feel what one feels, instead of what I should feel.
The right to request what you want, instead of waiting to give you permission.
The right to take risks on their own account, instead of wanting to just play it
Stay and spend,
and honor life.
There are many ways of being
without knowing much
Life is not worthy
silence and consent
repeated many injustices
It is a virtue,
is the attitude and
That last and
does not give us bragging
because it is not the same as
Stay and spend
not always want to suggest
There is so
Life is worthy
stand up vertical
It's like giving the
and to our own freedom
That last and
does not give us bragging
because it is not the same as
Think of someone who lives or works and that
does not look nice, it causes negative feelings. Let's see what happens. The
first thing you need to understand is that the negative feeling in you. You are
responsible for the negative feeling, not the other person. Another person in
his place would be completely calm and at ease in the presence of that person
would not be affected. You do. Now understand one thing: you're making a demand.
You expect something about this person you know? Then tell that person. "I have
the right to require anything to you." In saying that, discard their
expectation. "I have no right to demand anything of you. Of course, I protect
you from the consequences of your actions or your bad mood or whatever, but you
can go ahead and be what we want to be. I have no right to make any demand ".
Anthony de Mello
At the infallible:
"Why do you act like you have to override your criteria, why you act like you're
infallible, why you act like you're the sole owner of the truth? Must be given
options, not decisions. Give ideas, not solutions. Give another vision, but
without taking the hand of others. Mark the way, without trapping will. Suggest
without pressing. Advise, not force. propose, without forcing. Warn uncensored.
Reflect, without imposing. There that "show", but without taking the other's
right to choose. Well done everyone likes their own free will and make amends
for his own experience. you have to respect the freedom of everyone to do their
work, trace their address, sow their land, adorn their dreams, develop their
skills and finish their work! to see if the end can be filled with her hands. "
Zenaida Bacardí de Argamasilla
This story is about a man who reflected in their dress defeat, and his acting
It happened in Paris, on a downtown street but secondary. This man, dirty,
smelly, playing an old violin. In front of him and the ground was his beret,
with the hope that passersby take pity on your condition and throw a few coins
to take home.
The poor man tried to take a melody, but it was impossible to identify due to
the tune of the instrument, and how complacent and bored with playing the
A famous concert pianist, who along with his wife and some friends went to a
nearby theater, passed the beggar musical. All wrinkled face upon hearing those
sounds so discordant.
The wife asked, in concert, to play something. The man glanced at the few coins
inside of the beret of the beggar, and decided to do something.
He asked the violin. And the musical beggar lent it a certain bitterness. The
first thing I did was to tune your vocal soloist. And then, vigorously and with
great skill, tore a fascinating melody of the old instrument. The friends
started clapping and bystanders
began to swirl to see the impromptu show.
Listening to the music, people from the nearby main road and soon came also had
a small crowd listening to the strange ecstatic concert. The beret was filled
not only coins, but of many bills of all denominations, while the teacher took
out a tune after another, with such joy.
The musical beggar was even happier to see what was happening and kept jumping
with joy and pride to all repeat: "That's my violin!! That is my violin!".
Which, of course, was strictly true.
Life gives us all a "violin." They are our knowledge, our skills and our
attitudes. And we have absolute freedom to play "the violin" as we please.
Some, out of laziness, or even tune the violin. Not perceive that in today's
world must prepare, learn, develop skills and attitudes constantly improve if we
run a good show.
They want a beret full of money, and what they deliver is a discordant melody
that nobody likes. Those are the people doing your job in bad shape and he
believes that humanity has an obligation to repay his woeful performance,
meeting your needs, are those who do not take care of themselves and blame it on
the outside, without realize that you get what you sow.
It is people who think only of their rights, but feels no obligation to earn
The truth, however harsh it may seem, is another. You and I, and anyone else we
have to learn sooner or later, that the best places are for those who not only
fine tune the violin, but also eventually learn to play it masterfully. So we
must be willing to do our daily work, whatever. And always aim to prepare to be
able to do other things that we would like.
History is full of examples of people that even with initial difficulties became
a violin soloist with that which is Life. And, unfortunately, registers cases of
many others who have great opportunities, they decided with the same violin
music to be beggars.
You can make something great of your life ... That's your personal decision.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly
of the Organization of United Nations Resolution 217 A (III) of December 10,
Considering that freedom, justice and peace in the world are based on the
recognition of the inherent dignity and equal and inalienable rights of all
members of the human family,
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts
which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and has been proclaimed as the
highest aspiration of man, the advent of a world in which human beings, freed
from fear and want, enjoy freedom of speech and freedom of belief,
Whereas it is essential that human rights are protected by the rule of law, so
that man is not driven to the extreme resort, to rebellion against tyranny and
Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations among
Whereas the peoples of the United Nations in the Charter reaffirmed their faith
in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in
the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress
and better standards of life in larger freedom,
Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with
the United Nations, universal respect and observance of human rights and
fundamental freedoms, and
Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the utmost
importance for the full realization of this pledge,
The General Assembly
Proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of
achievement for all peoples and all nations, so that both individuals and
society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching
and education, respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive
measures, national and international recognition and universal and effective,
both among the peoples of Member States and between the peoples of territories
under their jurisdiction.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights are endowed with
reason and conscience and should act towards one another.
Every person has the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without
distinction of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion,
national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
Furthermore, no distinction shall be made based on the political, jurisdictional
or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs,
whether it be independent, as a Trust Territory, not autonomous or under any
other limitation of sovereignty.
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude: slavery and the slave trade shall
be prohibited in all its forms.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, cruel, inhuman or degrading
Everyone has the right, everywhere, the recognition of legal personality.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to
equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any
discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to
Everyone is entitled to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals
for protection against acts that violate his fundamental rights recognized by
the constitution or by law.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an
independent and impartial tribunal for the determination of his rights and
obligations and of any charge against him in criminal matters.
Any person charged with crime has the right to be presumed innocent until proved
guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees
necessary for his defense.
No person shall be convicted for acts or omissions at the time it was committed
a criminal offense under national or international law. Nor shall a heavier
penalty more severe than that applicable at the time of committing the crime.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family,
home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone
is entitled to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
Everyone has the right to free movement and residence within the territory of a
Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and return to
In case of persecution, everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy it, in any
This right may not be invoked in case of prosecutions genuinely arising from
non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the
Everyone has the right to a nationality.
No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to
change his nationality.
Men and women from the age of puberty, are entitled without any limitation due
to race, nationality or religion, to marry and to found a family are entitled to
equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at dissolution of marriage.
Only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses may contract
The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled
to protection by society and the state.
Everyone has the right to own property individually and collectively.
No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this
right includes freedom to change religion or belief, and freedom to manifest
religion or belief, individually and collectively, both in public and private,
teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this right includes
freedom to hold their opinions, receive and impart information and ideas through
any media and regardless of frontiers, by any means of expression .
Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
No one shall be compelled to belong to an association.
Everyone has the right to participate in the government of his country, directly
or through freely chosen representatives.
Everyone has the right to access, under conditions of equality, to public
service in his country.
The will of the people is the basis of the authority of government, this will
shall be expressed genuine elections which shall be held periodically, universal
and equal suffrage and by secret vote or by equivalent free voting.
Everyone, as a member of the society has the right to social security
realization, through national effort and international cooperation in view of
the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and
cultural indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his
Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and
favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
All staff are entitled without any discrimination, to equal pay for equal work.
Everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration, ensuring
for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and
supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
Everyone has the right to form and join trade unions for the protection of their
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of
working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and his
family, health and well-being, including food, clothing, housing, medical care
and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of
unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of
livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All
children born in wedlock or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social
Everyone has the right to education. Education should be free, at least in the
elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory.
Technical and professional education shall be made generally available to higher
education will be equal for all on the basis of merit.
Education shall be directed to the full development of human personality and
strengthen respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, promote
understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and all racial or
religious groups, and promote development activities of United Nations
Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given
to their children.
Everyone has the right to participate freely in cultural life of the community,
to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits
Everyone is entitled to the protection of the moral and material interests
resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which is the
Everyone has the right to establish a social and international order in which
the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free development of his
In the exercise of their rights and enjoy their freedoms, everyone shall be
subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose
of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others
and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and general
welfare in a democratic society.
These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes
and principles of the United Nations.
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group
or person to engage in any activity or perform any act aimed at the destruction
of any of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration.